Canadian Laws


Canada is governed by a system of laws. Our system of laws is the justice system. Everyone in Canada, whether they are a citizen or a permanent resident, is equal under the justice system.

In Canada, women can have the same jobs as men and all the same responsibilities. Women have the same rights as men.

In Canada, you are presumed innocent until proven guilty.

Some important laws that may apply to your family:

  • All children aged six to 16 must receive some form of education.
  • You must be 19 years old to buy or drink alcohol.
  • It is against the law to use, buy or sell addictive drugs such as marijuana, heroin or cocaine.
  • It is against the law to make any kind of sexual remarks or advances if the other person is not receptive.
  • It is against the law to hit anyone, including your spouse or children, either in the home or in public.

If you break a law in Canada and you are found guilty, there will be consequences.

  • For minor offences such as theft and dangerous driving, you may have to pay fines, do community service and/or spend a short time in prison.
  • For more major offences, such as hurting someone, you may go to prison for a longer time.
  • For serious offences, such as killing someone, you may go to prison for life.

Under the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms you have freedom of speech, as long was what you are saying is not negatively affecting someone or a group of people.

In Canada you also have freedom of religion.